Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland. It is located in Lothian on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth. Edinburgh is Scotland’s second-most populous city and the seventh-most populous city in the United Kingdom.
Edinburgh is the seat of the Scottish Government, the Scottish Parliament and the highest courts in Scotland. Holyroodhouse is the official residence of the monarch in Scotland. The city has long been a centre of education, particularly in the fields of medicine, Scots law, literature, philosophy, the sciences and engineering. It is the second-largest financial centre in the UK.
Historical and cultural attractions
The city’s historical and cultural attractions have made it the UK’s second-most visited tourist destination with 4.9 million visits in 2018. Home to the National Museum of Scotland, the National Library of Scotland and the Scottish National Gallery. The University of Edinburgh was founded in 1582. one of three in the city.
The city is also known for the Edinburgh International Festival and the Fringe, the latter being the world’s largest annual international arts festival. Historic sites in Edinburgh include Edinburgh Castle, the Palace of Holyroodhouse, the churches of St. Giles, Greyfriars and the Canongate, and the Georgian New Town.
The city is served by Edinburgh Airport (IATA: EDI, ICAO: EGPH). The airport is located in the Ingliston area of Edinburgh. In 2019, it was the busiest airport in Scotland, with 14.7 million passengers, and the sixth-busiest in the United Kingdom. It is located 5.8 miles (9.3 km) west of the city centre.
Edinburgh is 47 miles from Glasgow.